Volume 1, Issue 4, 2019, Page 242 - 252
Author(s) :
Zahra Rahnama *1
1 Deapartment of English Language , Faculty of Humanities , Islamic Azad University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract :
Vocabulary learning is an important part in second/foreign language learning and language teaching. The present study investigated the effect of using storytelling, especially picture-based storytelling, as a new technique in vocabulary knowledge development. Telling stories in language classes can stimulate the learners’ mind, and also foster understanding and acceptance of the foreign language and culture. This study aims at investigating the effect of teacher's storytelling on vocabulary acquisition of Iranian EFL learners. The sample was consisted of 60 male and female students at intermediate level who were selected based on availability and their English proficiency level. They were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups, 30 in each. In the experimental group, vocabularies were taught by telling stories and using pictures, while in the control group, the teacher used stories without any pictures. Data was collected via a pre-post-delayed post-test design. The analysis of the collected data through applying some t-tests revealed that telling story has a positive effect on learning vocabulary, and the experimental group outperform the control group significantly on the measure. In other words, there was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of the acquisition of vocabulary.

Keywords :
Storytelling, Picture-based storytelling, Learning vocabulary, Iranian EFL learners